Peppermint Shrimp Care: Tank Setup, Diet, Tank Mates, Diseases & More!

Peppermint Shrimp are fascinating creatures to include in your marine aquarium. These small yet colorful invertebrates not only add visual interest to your tank but also serve as natural pest control, as they are known for eating nuisance critters like aptasia anemones.

Peppermint Shrimp care involves providing a suitable aquarium environment, proper diet, and regular maintenance. These small, colorful invertebrates require a tank with plenty of hiding places and open swimming space. They need a varied diet of meaty foods, including brine shrimp and mysis shrimp.

It’s essential to be knowledgeable about Peppermint Shrimp care to ensure they thrive and coexist peacefully with their tank mates. In this article, we’ll provide an overview of their care needs, including tank setup and maintenance, water quality, diet, and more.

Peppermint Shrimp 2

Species Summary


The Peppermint Shrimp is an interesting and colorful creature, originating from the Atlantic Ocean, particularly in the Caribbean and Western Atlantic. These shrimps are often found living in and around coral reefs or rocky crevasses.


With proper care, the Peppermint Shrimp can live for about two to three years. Maintaining stable water conditions and providing them with a suitable environment play crucial roles in their longevity.


These shrimp display a vibrant red and white banded pattern, making them visually appealing in any aquarium. Their red bands are interspersed with broad, opaque white bands, creating a peppermint candy-like appearance.


Peppermint Shrimp typically grow to be about 2 to 3 inches long. This makes them suitable for various tank sizes, even for reef tanks with limited space.

Growth Rate

The growth rate of Peppermint Shrimp is relatively moderate. They usually reach their full size within 5 to 8 months, provided that they receive proper nourishment and care.

Behavior & Temperament

These shrimps are peaceful and can coexist with other reef inhabitants, including most corals and fish. They tend to be more active at night, scavenging for food. I once observed my Peppermint Shrimp methodically picking at algae and other debris in the evenings.

Male vs Female

There isn’t a clear distinction between male and female Peppermint Shrimp visually. To determine the sex of these shrimps, it is usually necessary to observe their behavior during breeding, as females carry eggs under their abdomens.

Tank Setup

Tank Size

Peppermint Shrimp are small creatures, so a tank of around 20 gallons should be sufficient for them. I once made the mistake of placing them in a smaller tank, and they seemed cramped and unhappy.


These shrimps prefer moderate lighting. Too bright, and they may hide more often; too dim, and it might negatively affect their health.

Filtration & Aeration

A quality filtration system is essential for maintaining a clean and healthy environment. Aeration helps oxygenate the water, allowing the shrimp to breathe comfortably.


Peppermint Shrimp thrive in temperatures between 72-78 degrees Fahrenheit. A reliable heater will help maintain a stable temperature in the tank, ensuring the shrimp’s well-being.


Choosing an appropriate substrate, such as fine sand or crushed coral, imitates their natural habitat. This allows the shrimp to dig and explore as they would in the wild.


Add hiding places like rocks, caves, and tubes to provide them with a sense of security. I remember adding a small cave ornament to my tank, and the Peppermint Shrimp loved it immediately!


Incorporate live plants in the tank setup to help establish a more natural environment. These plants also aid in maintaining water quality and provide additional hiding spots for the shrimp.

Water Quality

Water Temperature

When it comes to Peppermint Shrimp care, maintaining stable and consistent water temperature is crucial. I personally aim to keep my aquarium between 72-78°F. It’s important to invest in a reliable heater and thermometer to ensure your shrimp are in a comfortable environment.

Water PH

Peppermint Shrimp thrive in a water pH range of 8.1-8.4. Regularly testing the aquarium water is essential; I usually test mine once a week. If you find your pH levels are off, consider using additives or adjusting your aquarium setup to achieve the desired range.

Water Hardness

  • Calcium: 350-450 ppm
  • Alkalinity: 7-11 dKH
  • Magnesium: 1250-1350 ppm

Peppermint Shrimp need ideal water hardness parameters to maintain their exoskeleton and overall health. In my experience, maintaining these levels has been crucial to their well-being.

Water Changes

I recommend conducting 10-20% water changes every 1-2 weeks to maintain optimal water conditions for your Peppermint Shrimp. This helps rid the tank of excess waste and pollutants while also replenishing essential trace elements. Developing a regular water change routine ensures a healthy environment for your shrimp.

Tank Maintenance

Caring for a Peppermint Shrimp requires regular tank maintenance. To keep your shrimp happy and healthy, follow these simple guidelines.

Weekly water changes are essential. I recommend changing 10-15% of the water to remove harmful substances. Make a habit of vacuuming the substrate to prevent debris buildup.

Monitor water parameters closely. Aim for a stable salinity level of 1.023-1.025. Keep the temperature between 72-82°F (22-28°C) and the pH between 8.1-8.4.

Maintain proper water circulation by positioning your powerheads correctly. Adequate flow encourages oxygen exchange and prevents stagnant areas.

In my experience, keeping live rock in the tank creates a natural habitat for these shrimp. It offers hiding spots and promotes beneficial bacteria growth.

Good lighting fosters a healthy environment. A simple LED light should suffice, as Peppermint Shrimp do not require specific light intensities.

  • Use a protein skimmer to remove organic waste
  • Utilize activated carbon and other chemical filtration
  • Clean and replace filter media regularly

One time, I neglected my tank’s water parameters, and my Peppermint Shrimp became sluggish. After getting things back on track, the shrimp quickly returned to their active state.

Remember to acclimate your shrimp slowly when introducing them to their new tank home. Proper tank maintenance will ensure your Peppermint Shrimp thrives in your aquarium.

Tank Mates

Peppermint Shrimp

Compatible Fish Species

Peppermint Shrimp are generally great tank mates to several fish species. I once had them happily coexisting with Clownfish, Gobies, and Blennies in my marine aquarium. They are peaceful and help control unwanted pests like Aiptasia anemones.

Some other compatible fish species are:

  • Firefish
  • Fairy Wrasses
  • Royal Grammas

Incompatible Fish Species

However, certain fish species are not suitable tank mates for Peppermint Shrimp. Large, aggressive fish, like Triggerfish, Groupers, or Lionfish, can see them as prey and harm or eat them.

Here are a few more incompatible fish species:

  • Hawkfish
  • Angelfish (large species)
  • Pufferfish

Make sure to consider the compatibility of tank mates when setting up your Peppermint Shrimp environment to ensure a thriving and harmonious marine ecosystem.


What To Feed

Peppermint Shrimp are mostly nocturnal scavengers. They enjoy a diet consisting of detritus, algae, and small organisms. I once tried feeding my shrimp a variety of foods including brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and other prepared foods. They seemed to prefer it when I mixed these ingredients with small bits of fresh meaty foods like fish and shrimp.


Feeding Peppermint Shrimp should be done 2-3 times per week. This will ensure they are happy, well-fed, and encouraged to perform their natural scavenging duties to help maintain the ecosystem in your aquarium. Remember not to overfeed them to maintain the water quality.


  • Be sure to switch up their diet occasionally for better nutrition.
  • Observe the shrimp’s eating habits; if they leave behind uneaten food, reduce the feeding amount accordingly.
  • Consider a nighttime feeding routine since they are more active during the night.

Common Diseases


Peppermint Shrimp can suffer from several diseases. The most common ones include bacterial infections, parasitic infestations, and fungal infections.


Bacterial Infections: Shrimp may lose their appetite and show abnormal swimming behavior. Their shells may also appear discolored.

Parasitic Infestations: Symptoms can include lethargy, weight loss, and visible parasites on the shrimp’s body.

Fungal Infections: You may notice white or gray patches on the shrimp’s body, indicating fungal growth.


Bacterial Infections: Antibiotics like Maracyn or Maracyn-Two can be effective in treating bacterial infections.

Parasitic Infestations: Praziquantel can help treat parasitic infestations in shrimp.

Fungal Infections: Antifungal treatments like API Pimafix can help eliminate fungal infections.


Prevention is key to keeping your Peppermint Shrimp healthy. Some preventive measures include:

  • Maintain high water quality by testing parameters regularly
  • Quarantine new shrimp and plants before introducing them to the main tank
  • Feed them a balanced diet to keep their immune systems strong

Personal Anecdote: In my experience, I once faced a bacterial infection in my peppermint shrimp tank. I quickly addressed the issue using the recommended antibiotics and prevention measures, resulting in a healthy, thriving tank.

Signs of a Healthy Fish

A healthy Peppermint Shrimp displays certain behaviors and physical traits. One of the first things you’ll notice is their coloration. Vibrant red and white stripes are typically an indicator of good health.

Active behavior is another sign of a healthy shrimp. They will move around the tank and interact with their surroundings. Keep an eye on their antennae, which should be constantly moving.

I remember when I first got my Peppermint Shrimp, it took some time to adjust to its new environment. After a few days, it started being more active, confirming it was in good health.

A healthy shrimp will also have a good appetite. They should be eagerly hunting for food in your aquarium, and if they are part of your clean-up crew, they should consume leftover food or algae.

In addition to eating well, it’s important to look for normal shedding. Like other crustaceans, Peppermint Shrimp periodically shed their exoskeletons to grow. This is a natural process, and regular shedding is a sign of a healthy shrimp.

Lastly, check for any signs of injury or disease, like missing limbs or strange spots. A healthy shrimp should be free of such issues. By observing these signs, you can ensure your Peppermint Shrimp is in good health and thriving in its environment.

Signs Your Fish is Sick

Peppermint shrimp are generally hardy creatures, but like any other aquatic animals, they can fall ill. As a hobbyist, I’ve had my fair share of concerns for my fish, so I’ll share my experience to help you identify signs that your fish is sick.

One sign to look out for is a decrease in activity and appetite. If you notice your shrimp spending most of its time hiding or not eating, it could indicate a health issue. These creatures are opportunistic feeders, but if it refuses food altogether, something might be off.

Another sign is unusual appearance, such as loss of color or a shabby exoskeleton. Peppermint shrimp usually have vibrant red and white stripes; a dull or pale appearance can mean stress or illness. Also, inspect for visible parasites or injuries, as they may require immediate attention.

Don’t forget to monitor your shrimp’s molting frequency. Molting is a natural process in which they shed their exoskeleton to grow. However, irregular molting can be an indication of illness or stress.

Lastly, watch for any signs of incompatibility with tank mates. While peppermint shrimp are generally peaceful, a sick or stressed shrimp may display aggression or be bullied by other tank inhabitants.

Keep an eye on these signs and maintain good water quality to ensure the well-being of your peppermint shrimp. A healthy shrimp makes for a happier aquatic environment and a more enjoyable hobby for you.


Breeding Setup

Creating the perfect environment for Peppermint Shrimp breeding is crucial for their success. Make sure to use a separate tank for breeding purposes, with plenty of hiding spots and smooth rocks. This will provide a safe space for eggs and larvae to develop. I remember the first time setting up my breeding tank, it was important to have stable water parameters and a gentle water flow.

How To Breed

Breeding Peppermint Shrimp is relatively straightforward. First, introduce a healthy male and female pair to the breeding tank. You can identify the females by their larger size and greenish hue on the underside. Males are usually smaller with a more uniform coloration. After mating, which involves the male depositing sperm packets onto the female’s receptive spot, the female will carry the fertilized eggs under her abdomen.

After about 15 to 16 days, the eggs will hatch into larvae, ideally during nighttime as that’s when they naturally release eggs in the wild. During this phase, it’s important to maintain the right water conditions, as the larvae are sensitive to water quality issues.


Taking care of Peppermint Shrimp during the breeding process requires attention and dedication. Ensure that the breeding tank is maintained at the optimal temperature of 72°F to 78°F. Keep ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates in check, and monitor for any sudden fluctuations in the water.

Feeding the larvae can be a challenge as they usually require live food like baby brine shrimp or copepods in the initial stages of development. Gradually introduce them to frozen food as they grow larger.

When I first started breeding these fascinating creatures, I learned the importance of keeping plenty of hiding places for the shrimplets to feel secure and grow. Over time, I have been able to foster a thriving population of Peppermint Shrimp in my home aquarium.

Product recommendations for Peppermint Shrimp:

  1. Hikari Crab Cuisine: This food is specially formulated for crustaceans, including Peppermint Shrimp, and provides a balanced diet for optimal health.
  2. Seachem Stability: This product helps to establish a healthy biological filter in your aquarium, which is important for maintaining good water quality for Peppermint Shrimp.
  3. Fluval Sea Protein Skimmer: This protein skimmer helps to remove organic waste from your aquarium water, which can be harmful to Peppermint Shrimp.
  4. Hydor Koralia Nano Aquarium Circulation Pump: This circulation pump helps to create a natural water flow in your aquarium, which is important for the well-being of Peppermint Shrimp.
  5. Instant Ocean Sea Salt: This sea salt mix is perfect for creating a healthy marine environment for Peppermint Shrimp and other saltwater creatures.
  6. API Aquarium Salt: This product helps to promote healthy gill function and reduce stress in shrimp, including Peppermint Shrimp.
  7. Seachem Prime: This water conditioner helps to detoxify ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate in aquarium water, which can be harmful to Peppermint Shrimp.
  8. Coralife BioCube 32 Gallon LED Aquarium Kit: This aquarium kit is perfect for keeping Peppermint Shrimp in a medium-sized space, and comes with a powerful filtration system.
  9. Marina Floating Thermometer with Suction Cup: This thermometer helps you to monitor the temperature of your aquarium water, which is important for keeping Peppermint Shrimp healthy.


Peppermint Shrimp are a popular choice among aquarists due to their vibrant colors and captivating behavior. They are relatively easy to care for, which adds to their appeal.

Adopting the recommended tank conditions and diet not only ensures your peppermint shrimp stays healthy, but also results in vibrant colors. Maintaining water quality is vital, so regular checks on water parameters are a must.

These shrimp are known to be highly social creatures. I can remember when I added two shrimp to my aquarium; they quickly started interacting with each other and even formed a small community. It was a fascinating experience!

Incorporate hiding spots for your shrimp to retreat to when they feel threatened. Live rocks and coral make great environments for them to shelter and breed.

Remember, compatibility with tank mates is essential. Be aware of possible aggressive interactions with certain fish species and ensure a peaceful tank environment.

By following these simple guidelines, you can create a thriving ecosystem that showcases the beauty and grace of the Peppermint shrimp in your aquatic wonderland. Happy reef keeping!


How big do Peppermint Shrimp get?
Peppermint Shrimp typically grow up to 2-3 inches in size.

What do they eat?
They mainly consume detritus, algae, and Aiptasia (a type of nuisance anemone).

Are they compatible with other tank inhabitants?
Yes, they are considered reef-safe and compatible with most tank mates.

How many should I add to my tank?
It is best to have one per 10-15 gallons of water.

What is the ideal water temperature for them?
They thrive in water temperatures between 72-78°F.

Do they reproduce in home aquariums?
Yes, they can reproduce, but raising their larvae is a challenging task.

I once placed a few Peppermint Shrimp in my tank and was pleasantly surprised as they multiplied over time. This, of course, required careful attention to water parameters, ensuring that the conditions were ideal and stable for them.

Remember to monitor your tank conditions regularly and address any issues promptly to keep your Peppermint Shrimp healthy and maintain a harmonious environment.

Reference: Wikipedia.


Hi there! My name is Jacob, and I'm the founder of this Pet people blog that talks all about aquarium and fishkeeping. I've been passionate about fish and aquatic life since I was a kid, and I've spent countless hours learning about different species, their habitats, and how to create the perfect environment for them to thrive in.

Leave a Reply

Recent Posts